Even if you don't mean to you might plagiarize without even realizing what you are doing is wrong. Below you will find six different types of plagiarism. Many times just understanding what different types of plagiarism are is all it takes to keep you on the scholarly path to success!
Copying Someone elses work word for word
This is the most common type of plagiarism and the one that usually comes to mind first when we think of plagiarized work.
Below is a 30 second video with another explanation of Direct Plagiarism from the MacPherson Institute at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada
Below is a 1 minute 55 second video from Penn State University that goes into a little bit more detail as to the thought process that can get you caught self plagiarizing even if you didn't realize you were about to do just that. Take a look.
Mosaic Plagiarism (aka Patchwriting)
Replacing phrases without attribution or changing synonyms of someone else’s work without attribution
Sometimes this is called "bad paraphrasing". When you paraphrase you can't just take someone's work and rewrite some words here and there, you need to recreate the concept in your words, making it fit the voice of your paper and using it to help make your point.
Below is another video from our friends at McMaser University in Ontario, Canada. Not only will it help you understand what Mosaic Plagiarism is but also how you can avoid it by using a combination of quotation marks and paraphrasing.
When Someone Forgets to Attribute, Misquotes a Source or Unintentionally Paraphrases Without Citing the Source
Learning how to cite your work and take accurate notes is an important part of the writing process. Accidentally plagiarizing is just as serious as doing it with intent. In short, you are responsible for every word you put in your paper and you need to keep careful track of all of your research.
Below is short video from Colonial Williamsburg's Center for Teaching, Learning and Leadership that goes into more detail.
Copying an Entire Work and Calling it Your Own
For Example: If you needed to give a speech and you found a perfect one online so you simply used it, word for word and gave no attribution you would be committing global plagiarism.
Below is a one minute video from students in Pocatello, Idaho about a misguided student and global plagiarism.
Citing Non-Existent Sources
This is also called "source based plagiarism" as it involves creating a source for a quote or paraphrased section of a paper the does not exist.
Have you ever heard of "fake news"? We bet you have. When people create fake sources and try and pass them off as legitimate this is another form of deceptive plagiarism. We have a short video on how to spot fake news below, brought to us by factcheck.org (a website we, the librarians, know and trust).
Below is a 1 minute video from Abigail. She is very honest about her plagiarism experience and what she learned from it.